Freezing Sperm Q&A by Expert: Costs, Time, Can It Be Done at Home & More

Are you future-proofing your family planning or just considering different options for conceiving, freezing your sperm can be your option.


For those parents who are trying to have babies, few know that wanting a baby does not guarantee you will actually have one. It depends upon fertility health and the right strategy. Freezing sperm can ensure you’ll be able to conceive in the future, if you plan to focus on other things like career or travel before starting a family.


However, when you switch to these artificial insemination methods, you may have questions. Let’s answer them all.

What is Freezing Sperm?

Freezing Sperm, also called cryopreservation, refers to the process of freezing and storing semen or human ejaculation. The sperm samples are collected, studied, frozen, and stored at the sperm bank.

Getting the facts on freezing sperm or artificial insemination at home can be elusive. So, we have answered most of the common questions on freezing sperm. Read them all below.

What is the Process of Freezing Sperm?

Typically, the sperm is collected either at home or at a fertility clinic. If you’re planning to freeze your sperm, you need to know a few things. You will be asked to avoid sexual activity for 48 hours before you are ready to submit the sample. Or you can also use the at home sperm insemination kit to collect the sample. Ship it to the sperm bank facility for it to be frozen and stored. (This involves shipping the sample in a very cold tank to preserve the specimen)
On the other hand, you may visit the fertility clinic where your sample is collected to analyze for its quality, durability, and quantity before they are frozen at the sperm bank,

Who is this Freezing Sperm for?

Men bank their sperm for a myriad of reasons. It can be because they want to retain their fertility in the future, or they are struggling with health issues or disease, or they may want to undergo vasectomy, or something else… 


  • Men who are interested in future fertility.
  • Men diagnosed with cancer like testicular, prostate cancer, and Non-Hodgkin’s disease. It is because cancer affects sperm quality and, in many cases, treatment of cancers may cause sterility.
  • Men who are planning to undergo vasectomy.
  • Men engaged more in travel, serving in the military, etc.
  • Men opting for gender reassignment.
  • Men with low or decreasing sperm count may think of banking their sperm.

All these processes are done before the artificial insemination process, where the woman decides to use home insemination kits or an insemination device. These sperms are usually frozen for future reproductive treatment assistance with an insemination syringe kit.

What is the risk of freezing sperm?

There is no risk associated with freezing sperm besides the cost related to freezing and storing it. There is no risk associated with the birth defects connected to the freezing of sperm, assuming you obtain the frozen sperm of a healthy donor.

How long does sperm freeze last?

There is no time designation as to how long the sperm can be stored. It all narrows down to storing it correctly inside liquid nitrogen. However, there are some reported cases where the sperm was stored for more than 20 years.

Does freezing impact sperm?

A small percentage of the sperm does not make it through the freezing process. Also, the survival rate of the sperm depends mostly upon the quality of the sperm from that individual.

What are the costs of freezing sperm?

The cost for freezing your sperm varies depending upon the fertility clinic you associate with. What are the price rates for their sperm collection, testing costs, etc.? How many samples are there, and how long do you need them to store? All these parameters decide the costs of freezing your sperm.

Typically, it is estimated to rise from $1000 – to $2000 inclusive of all the processes involved in freezing sperm. Also, some clinics charge additional fees to wash the semen before they are ready for the IUI procedure. This makes it easier for the insemination syringe kit to be used at home or in the doctor’s office.

Can it be done at home?

You can collect your semen samples at home, but unfortunately, you cannot freeze them at your home in the freezer. The home freezer can only get to 5-32 degrees Fahrenheit. Whereas the specialized coolers designed for freezing the sperm use liquid nitrogen until they reach negative 280 degrees Fahrenheit. The tank storing the vials runs at negative 320 degrees Fahrenheit. This is because the extremely low temperature helps keep the vials frozen and preserved. The sperm will not age, change, or degrade until they’re thawed. 

How do home insemination kits work with Freezing Sperm?

Once you are ready to work with your frozen sperm, you can connect with your fertility clinic and request the at home sperm insemination kit. All that is left to do is take the artificial insemination kit, and get the syringe, fill it with frozen sperm, insert it into the vagina with your legs raised. Wait for 30 minutes, and you will be all good!

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